文章摘要
刘光明;梁一巍;李传勇;曾志杰;翁武银;曹敏杰;刘 红.海洋中上层鱼类产品中生物胺的调查与控制[J].中国食品学报,2019,19(8):1-12
海洋中上层鱼类产品中生物胺的调查与控制
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 海洋中上层鱼类  生物胺  食物中毒  控制策略  加工企业
英文关键词: marine pelagic fish  biogenic amines  food poisoning  control strategy  processing enterprises
基金项目:福建省科技厅软科学项目(2018R0071);国家自然科学基金项目(31871720);海洋公益性行业科研专项课题(201505026-3);福建省科技厅高校产学合作项目(2018N5009)
作者单位
刘光明;梁一巍;李传勇;曾志杰;翁武银;曹敏杰;刘 红 集美大学食品与生物工程学院厦门市海洋功能食品重点实验室福建省海洋功能食品工程技术研究中心福建厦门361021厦门市农产品质量安全检验测试中心福建厦门361009 
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中文摘要:
      我国海洋中上层鱼类种类丰富,加工企业众多。海洋中上层鱼类是一种高蛋白、高脂肪、高热量的食用鱼类,在其运输、贮藏和加工过程中易受产胺菌的脱羧作用产生大量生物胺,食用后易引发食物中毒,可将生物胺含量作为鱼类产品的一项重要的品质指标。如何对鱼类产品中生物胺进行有效控制,是鱼类产业发展的关键问题。本文通过走访调研周边海洋中上层鱼类加工企业,收集有关生物胺的监控情况,对存在的问题进行分析,并结合文献报道提出海洋中上层鱼类产品生物胺的控制策略,以期指导相关企业的生产加工,为相关部门的政策和科学决策提供可靠依据。
英文摘要:
      China has rich marine pelagic fish species and owns numerous processing enterprises. Marine pelagic fishes are the kind of seafood with high protein, high fat and high calorie. During the transportation, storage and processing periods, Marine pelagic fishes are vulnerable to contaminate by amine bacteria which could produce enormous quantities of biogenic amines through decarboxylation. Eating contaminated fishes could easily cause food poisoning, hence biological amines content should be used as an important quality index of fish products, and how to effectively control the biological amines is one key issue in the development of pelagic fish industry. In this paper, the monitoring situation of biological amines was collected and the existing problems were analyzed by visiting and investigating the pelagic fish processing enterprises in the surrounding areas. The control strategies of biological amines in marine pelagic fish products were proposed based on literature reports. The control strategies could provide the guidance for the production and processing of relevant enterprises, and reliable basis for the policy and scientific decision-making of relevant departments.
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