文章摘要
卢晓明;张珍涛;李宁阳;陶梦哲;乔旭光.大蒜加工废水中蛋白质的分离及其理化性质[J].中国食品学报,2020,20(7):126-133
大蒜加工废水中蛋白质的分离及其理化性质
Separation and Physicochemical Properties of Protein in Garlic Processing Wastewater
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 大蒜加工  废水  蛋白质  超滤  性质
英文关键词: garlic processing  wastewater  protein  ultrafiltration  property
基金项目:农业部公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201503142);山东省2018年度农业重大应用技术创新项目;山东省重大科技创新工程项目(2019JZZY020607);山东省“双一流”奖补资金资助(SYT2017XTTD04)
作者单位
卢晓明;张珍涛;李宁阳;陶梦哲;乔旭光 山东农业大学食品科学与工程学院山东省高校食品加工技术与质量控制重点实验室 
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中文摘要:
      以大蒜加工过程中产生的废水为原料,采用膜过滤与酸沉相结合的方式制备大蒜废水蛋白,并对其分子质量分布、氨基酸组成、等电点及其它理化性质进行研究。结果表明:大蒜废水蛋白的分子质量主要在30 ku以上,采用分子质量为30 ku的滤膜可获得纯度72.11%的大蒜废水蛋白,其分子质量为31.9 ku和48.4 ku,由16种氨基酸组成,其中含有7种必需氨基酸,且甲硫氨酸是该蛋白的第1限制性氨基酸。大蒜废水蛋白的等电点为3.86。DSC分析确定大蒜废水蛋白的变性温度为73.2 ℃,热焓变ΔH为11.87 J/g。在适宜pH条件下,大蒜废水蛋白具有良好的溶解性、乳化性、乳化稳定性、起泡性和泡沫稳定性。
英文摘要:
      The extraction of protein from garlic processing wastewater by the membrane filtration and acid precipitation was optimized and the molecular weight, amino acid composition, isoelectric point and other physicochemical properties of the protein were also investigated. The results showed that the molecular weight of protein in garlic processing wastewater was mainly above 30 ku, so the purity of 72.11% protein was obtained from garlic wastewater by using 30 ku membrane. The molecular weight of the obtained protein was 31.9 ku and 48.4 ku, which contained seven essential amino acids. Methionine was the first limiting amino acid of the protein. The isoelectric point of the protein was approximately 3.86. DSC analysis confirmed that denaturation temperature of the protein was 73.2 ℃, and denaturation enthalpy ΔH was 11.87 J/g. At the appropriate pH, it had good solubility, emulsifying capacity, emulsion stability, foam capacity and foam stability.
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