文章摘要
王瑞雪;伊丽;吉日木图.驼乳生物活性肽的研究进展[J].中国食品学报,2020,20(7):299-306
驼乳生物活性肽的研究进展
Research Progress on the Bioactive Peptides in Camel Milk
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 驼乳  驼乳蛋白质  酶解  发酵  抗菌肽  抗氧化肽  ACE抑制肽
英文关键词: camel milk  camel milk protein  enzymolysis  fermentation  antibacterial peptide  antioxidant peptide  ACE inhibitory peptide
基金项目:高层次人才引进科研启动项目(NDYB2018-48);双一流学科创新团队建设项目(NDSC2018-14);内蒙古自治区科技创新引导项目(KCMS 2018048);内蒙古自然科学基金项目(2018BS 03017);高层次人才引进科研启动项目(NDYB 2017-28)
作者单位
王瑞雪;伊丽;吉日木图 内蒙古农业大学乳品生物技术与工程教育部重点实验室内蒙古骆驼研究院 
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中文摘要:
      驼乳被誉为“沙漠白金”,具有独特的营养价值和功能特性。通过分析驼乳蛋白质组分发现驼乳中保护性蛋白质的含量明显高于牛乳。驼乳蛋白质不仅含有氨基酸等营养成分,还含有许多具有生理功能的活性肽。驼乳蛋白质中加密的氨基酸序列通过特异性蛋白酶的水解作用或者菌株发酵,释放具有抗微生物,抗氧化,抗高血压,抗炎和免疫调节等功能的生物活性肽,从而调节机体的生理功能。本文综述了驼乳蛋白质组分及其通过特异性蛋白酶水解或菌株发酵释放的抑菌肽、抗氧化肽和ACE抑制肽,为进一步研究与开发驼乳提供新的参考依据。
英文摘要:
      Camel milk is known as “Desert Platinum”, it has unique nutritional value and functional properties. Analyzing the protein components of camel milk, it was found that the content of protective protein in camel milk is significantly higher than in the milk. Camel milk protein provides a lot of amino acid nutrition, more importantly, it contains many active peptides with potential physiological functions. Encrypted amino acid sequences in camel milk proteins released bioactive peptides, which had anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory functions to regulate the physiological functions of the body through the hydrolysis of specific proteases or fermentation of strains. This article reviewed the components of camel milk protein and its bacteriostatic peptides, antioxidant peptides and ACE inhibitory peptides were released through specific protease hydrolysis and strain fermentation.
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